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Pranayam or breathing exercise is very important part of Yoga . Prana means life or vital force and Ayam means extension or dimension. So Pranayam is also called breath control. In Pranayam we breathe deep and long as much as possible to get maximum oxygen and pran urja or life energy for better health.

BHASTRIKA : Breathe in and out as long and deep as possible. You can do it with medium or fast speed.
Precaution : Old people or people with weak heart or high blood pressure should not beathe fast as it can increase blood pressure.
Benefits :
KAPAAL BHATI : Exhale or breathe out with abdomen moving in with every exhalation. You can do it with medium or fast speed.
Precaution : Old people or people with weak heart or high blood pressure should not beathe fast as it can increase blood pressure.
Benefits :
AGNI SAAR (Agni means fire and Saar means essence ) : Exhale or breathe out all air from lungs and hold the breath ( kumbhak) for few seconds according to your comfort level. When you feel it is too much to hold breath outside then slowly inhale or breathe in.
Precaution : Old people or people with weak heart or high blood pressure should not hold the breath ( kumbhak ) for too long as it can increase blood pressure. They should hold the breath ( kumbhak ) less or according to their comfort level.
Benefits :
BHARYA PRANAYAM ( Bharya means out) : Exhale or breathe out all air from lungs and hold the breath ( kumbhak) for few seconds according to your comfort level along with three locks ( bandhas) Chin touching top of breast bone called Jalandhar bandh , Pull up the genitals called Mool Bandh , Pull the abdomen in and up towards diaphram called Uddiyan Bandh. When you feel it is too much to hold breath outside then slowly inhale or breathe in and open all three locks or bandhas.
Precaution : Old people or people with weak heart or high blood pressure should not hold the breath ( kumbhak ) for too long as it can increase blood pressure. They should hold the breath ( kumbhak ) less or according to their comfort level.
Benefits :
UJJAIYI : Inhale or breathe in with tight throat making sound and hold the breath ( kumbhak) for few seconds according to your comfort level along with two locks ( bandhas) Chin touching top of breast bone called Jalandhar bandh , Pull up the genitals called Mool Bandh . When you feel it is too much to hold breath inside then slowly exhale or breathe out and open two locks or bandhas.
Precaution : Old people or people with weak heart or high blood pressure should not hold the breath ( kumbhak ) for too long as it can increase blood pressure. They should hold the breath ( kumbhak ) less or according to their comfort level.
Benefits :
ANULOM VILOM : Breathe in from left nostril and breathe out from right nostril. Again inhale or breathe in from right nostril and breathe out or exhale from left nostril.
Benefits : It cures high or low blood pressure or heart problems. It balances right and left hemisphere of brain as left nostril is related with right hemisphere of brain and right nostril is related to left hemisphere of brain. This pranayam also helps for going deeper into meditation.
BHRAMRI : It is coming from word Bhramer which means honey bee because in this pranayam we will hum OM with closed lips making the sound like honey bee .Thay is why is called Bhramri. Breathe in and fill your lungs with maximum air or pran urja ( life energy) Pran means life and urja means energy in Sanskrit or Hindi. Close your eyes with two middle fingers ,first two fingers on forehead. Close ears with two thumbs and start huming OM as long as possible.
Benefits:
UDGEET : Chant OM in normal way.







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